The SER International Primer on Ecological Restoration states:

“Interventions employed in restoration vary widely among projects, depending on the extent and duration of past disturbances, cultural conditions that have shaped the landscape, and contemporary constraints and opportunities. In the simplest circumstances, restoration consists of removing or modifying a specific disturbance, thereby allowing ecological processes to bring about an independent recovery.”

There are innumerable methods and techniques that can be used to restore our ecosystems. Above you will find links to books and articles published by academics and practitioners that highlight a sample of these practices, each of which is highly specific to the prevailing environmental conditions and objectives of the restoration project: Ecosystems, Landscape/Land Management, Wetlands, Lakes/Reservoirs, Rivers/Streams, Forests, Grasslands, Coastal/Marine, Desert/Arid Land, and Flora/Fauna.

Mine Restoration in Salem County, New Jersey

The project was located in Quinton Towsnhip, Salem County, New Jersey. It was an acid mine restoration project that also involved a population of a federally listed plant, swamp pink (Helonias bullata). Due to the presence of extensive areas of exposed acid producing clays large areas of soils as well as surface water bodies, it possessed ph levels of less than 3 prior to restoration. Prior to the restoration of the 59 acre mine, most of the swamp pink population was removed and maintained by Rutgers University during the restoration effort.

njminebefore.jpg   njmineafter.jpg

The site was regraded to a more natural landscape, acid producing clays were buried and the soils amended with organic matter (spent mushroom compost) and other soil amendments, primarily lime prior to replanting. Wetland portions of the site were replanted with native species and the upland areas seeded with warm season grasses. The swamp pink individuals removed as well as those propagated while at Rutgers were replanted approximately 2.5 years after completion of restoration activities.  The mine was acquired by the State of New Jersey to be part of a Wildlife Management Area. (Photos courtesy of Princeton Hydro)

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