Restoration Success: How Is It Being Measured? (2005), by Ruiz-Jaen and Aide, addresses the following questions: (1) what measures of ecosystem attributes are assessed and (2) how are these measures used to determine restoration success.

Values and Science in Ecological Restoration (2004), by Winterhalder, Clewell and Aronson, presents the view that the goals and objectives of ecological restoration can only be set in a social context, and that the science of ecology only becomes important during the implementation stage of a restoration project.

What Do We Mean When We Talk About Ecological Restoration? (2004), by Allison, addresses the questions of environmental health, integrity and sustainability, and what is it we are trying to do in ecological restoration projects.

Societal Values and the Proper Role of Restoration Ecologists (2004), by Lackey, confront two broad challenges: first, effective restoration requires a goal which becomes a mandate for implementing the necessary restoration strategy and second, the actual restoration tools and techniques are often technically challenging and may require the application of poorly understood ecological principles.

Restoration Ecology: Repairing the Earth’s Ecosystems in the New Millennium (2001), by Hobbs and Harris, argue that if restoration ecology is to be successfully practiced as part of humanity’s response to continued ecosystem change and degradation, restoration ecologists need to rise to the challenges of meshing science, practice and policy.

Defining the Limits of Restoration: The Need for Realistic Goals (2000), by Ehrenfeld, suggests that restoration ecology would be better served by recognizing that the diversity of conditions requiring restoration demands much flexibility in goal setting, and that restorationists should seek to develop guidelines for defining the sets of conditions under which different kinds of goals are appropriate.

Ecosystem Restoration and Management: Scientific Principles and Concepts (1999), by Covington et al, addresses the core principles of ecosystem management using examples from the forest ecosystems of the Northwest and tidal wetlands of the Northeast.

What is Good Ecological Restoration? (1997), by Higgs, argues that good restoration requires an expanded view that includes historical, social, cultural, political, aesthetic, and moral aspects which is necessary at a practical level to guide practitioners and at a conceptual level to prevent restoration from being swamped by technological activities.

Underlying Principles of Ecological Restoration (1996), by Bradshaw, stresses that ecosystem development should be on an unrestricted upward path. From this, it follows that successful restoration is a serious test of our ecological understanding.

Restoration Ecology: Can We Recover Lost Ground? (1988), edited by Wilson, includes a number of chapters from the leading pioneers of restoration ecology.

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