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Coral, Seagrass & Shellfish

Barnegat Bay Shellfish Restoration Program, New Jersey
Rutgers Cooperative Research & Extension has partnered with the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Division of Fish and Game Bureau of Shellfisheries to create the Barnegat Bay Shellfish Restoration Program. The goals of this program are to educate the community about the natural cycle and ecology of the Barnegat Bay, to promote environmental stewardship of this vital resource, and to use typical clams and oysters as the teaching tool to achieve these goals.

Columbus Iselin Reef Restoration Project, Florida
Reef restoration after a large vessel grounding within a unique marine protected area like the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary is one of the many significant management challenges faced by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Coral Reef Restoration and Shore Protection Projects in Ukupseni, Kuna Yala, Panama
The Global Coral Reef Alliance has been working with the indigenous community of Ukupseni (Playon Chico) in the Comarca of Kuna Yala, Panama to restore coral reefs and fisheries, and protect the coastline from erosion. The community approved these projects in 1994, but it took six years before funding could be found to start pilot projects there.

Maiden Island Red Mangrove Restoration Project, Antigua
Over 7,000 Red Mangroves have been imported into Antigua from Ft. Lauderdale, Florida. The importing process included treating the Red Mangroves with both fungicide and insecticide. Over time, these mangroves will develop into a vast mangrove ecosystem for Antigua and will unction together with the Reef Ball coral reefs to complete the marine ecosystem restoration on Maiden Island. The newly created mangrove habitat will enrich the life on the reefs with an abundant supply of fish, lobster and a great variety of marine life.

Maiden Island Seagrass and Coral Reef Restoration, Antigua
Stanford Development Company Ltd. (SDC) and the Reef Ball Foundation, Inc. have created the world’s largest fringing breakwater reef system from over 1,000 designed reef modules. Constructed in just 2 months and planted with live corals during the same period, this reef system is an integral part of the development plan for Maiden Island, Antigua.

Mobile Bay Oyster Reef Restoration, Alabama
Restored reefs not only increase oyster populations as a favorite seafood item, but also improve fishing and total ecology of Mobile Bay. Oyster reefs provide food and shelter to a host of organisms that nourish economically important fish. Oysters improve water quality in the Bay by filtering tremendous quantities of tiny plants (algae) and suspended organic matter.

Offshore Habitat Protection and Restoration Projects, US
Adjacent to the coasts of the United States are a wide array of offshore, submerged aquatic habitats. The following review of these habitats is limited to hard and soft bottom areas within the photic zone, i.e., the area of light penetration that allows photosynthesis to occur. These areas are some of the most highly productive regions in the oceans, producing over 70 percent of the oceans biomass. In fact, the highest measured primary productivity in any ecosystem has been reported in the kelp beds of the northeast Pacific. Biological diversity is correspondingly high in these regions, in some cases approaching the level of diversity found in tropical rainforests.

Pemuteran Coral Reef Restoration Project
Twenty eight Biorock™ coral nursery structures have recently been installed in the Pemuteran Village Marine Protected Area in Northwest Bali, Indonesia, in cooperation with the Municipality of Pemuteran, Gahawisri (the Balinese Watersports Federation), local dive shops and hotels, and other local stakeholders.  With a total length of 300 metres situated in an area of 2 hectares, this is the largest Biorock coral reef nursery and restoration project worldwide, exceeding the combined sizes of all other ongoing projects in the Pacific, Caribbean, and Indian Ocean.

Global Coral Reef Alliance – Reef Restoration Projects

Seagrass Restoration in Tampa Bay, Florida
Seagrass meadows, however, are declining worldwide, primarily owing to human-induced disturbances. Declines in seagrass coverage in Florida, particularly in Tampa Bay, have been linked to pollution, worsening water quality, coastal development, loss of tidal marshes, and mechanical damage from dredge filling and scarring by boat propellors.

Wellwood Coral Reef Restoration Project, Florida
From this site you can learn what is involved in coral reef restoration following a large vessel grounding within a unique marine protected area, the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. This is one of the many significant management challenges faced by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

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